Chile: Regulación y tratados de comercio

La revista Regulation & Governance -regulación y gobernanza-presenta en su último número un artículo de B. Bull que estudia los efectos de la liberalización comercial -por efectos de tratados de comercio- y la desregulación, con el caso de Chile -en materia laboral y ambiental- (desde 1990...)
  • It is currently widely recognized that trade liberalization leads not only to deregulation but also to re-regulation. However, it is less well understood how trade agreements and trade liberalization affect domestic regulatory institutions. This article aims to contribute to such an understanding through a case study of Chile. Since 1990, Chile has pursued a strategy of economic integration through bilateral, regional, and multilateral agreements. The study shows how this strategy has led to the partial implementation of a patchwork of competing regulatory institutions, many of which can trace their roots to the domestically preferred institutions of Chile’s major trading partners.
La conclusión:
  • "In sum, the case of Chile shows that trade agreements have both potential and limitations as regulatory devices. The formal regulatory provisions in the agreements have so far had a quite limited impact on regulation of labor and the environment in Chile. However, the informal interaction between state and non-state actors during negotiation and implementation of the agreements, as well as the subsequent market integration, have contributed to the strengthening of labor and environmental regulation in Chile."

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